Borderline Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, and More

A Borderline Personality Disorder is a mental illness that influences the way you perceive yourself and others. It leads to troubles in everyday life. It constitutes self-worth problems, and trouble in managing behavior and emotions. It is also depicted by wobbly relationships.


In Borderline Personality Disorder, you are inculcated with a strong fear of unsteadiness and abandonment. You may also face failure in tolerating loneliness, out of place anger, recurrent mood swings, recklessness shoves the others away, and then you desire to have an affectionate and permanent relationship.

Borderline Personality Disorder usually embarks on with early adulthood; this appears to be getting poorer in young adulthood and may steadily get worse with age.

If you are suffering from a Borderline Personality Disorder, do not get disappointed, some people have improved and made themselves live an adequate and happy life with the help of therapies and medications.

Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder affects the way you take in yourself and behave with others.

Signs and symptoms contain-

  • Irregular mood swings
  • Mood swings can last for certain hours or a few days. It is accompanied by a bad temper, deep happiness, anxiety, or guilt.
  • A strong fear of rejection and even reaching to severe situations to avoid an existent or imaginary separation or elimination
  • A deep feeling of emptiness


  • An outline of unsteady relationships, like praising a person one moment, and feeling that person cruel or careless at the next and at sudden times
  • Out of place or intense anger, like losing temper frequently, having physical clashes and being mocking or bitter in words
  • Dangerous and impulsive behaviour like reckless driving, spending binge, gambling, unsafe sex, eating abnormally, damaging success by quitting a good job, or putting to end a good relationship of all of a sudden.
  • Sudden changes in perceiving yourself, one time praising yourself, and at another considering yourself as unworthy


  • Suicidal thoughts and acts like hurting yourself repeatedly, in the reaction of division or rejection.
  • Episodes of stress and losing touch with the real world, remaining for few minutes to certain hours.

Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder

Like other health-related illnesses, the exact and accurate causes of Borderline Personality Disorder are not completely known. History of child mistreatment or disregard can be one of the causes. Some of the other causes of Borderline Personality Disorder are as follows-

  • Hereditary factors

Some cases of a family and twins suffering from Borderline Personality Disorder reflect that this Disorder has its hidden roots in genetics.

  • Brain deformities

Some studies show that the sections of the brain, which are responsible for controlling anger, spontaneity, and emotions, are either dysfunctional or not working properly in the case of Borderline Personality Disorder. Besides, specific hormones, like serotonin, which is liable to regulated mood, may also not function correctly.

What are the Risk Factors?

The factors associated with Personality development may accelerate the threat to the development of Borderline Personality Disorder. These contain-

  • Hereditary predisposition

You are at high risk if your close relative or any of the family members are suffering from a Borderline Personality Disorder.

  • Traumatic childhood

In many of the cases, it has been detected that the victims were physically or sexually harassed. They are uncared during their childhood. Besides, in some of the cases, the parents of the victims were separated when they were small, or they have seen unhappy relationships in their families.


Loss of a close and beloved caregiver can also lead to Borderline Personality Disorder.

What can be the Complications?

Borderline Personality Disorder annihilates many aspects of your life. It can depressingly influence your dear relationships, career, social activities, and self-worth. These may further result in-

  • Self-harming activities and recurrent hospitalization
  • Unplanned pregnancies, vehicle accidents, and physical fights due to hasty and threatening behavior
  • Deprived career
  • Clash filled relationships like marital anguish and divorce
  • Attempted to suicide
  • Participation in insulting relationships

Besides, you may experience other mental health illness like-

eating disorder

  • Eating Disorders
  • Hyperactivity Disorder.
  • Depression
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • and misuse of other substances.
  • Bipolar Disorder.
  • Other Personality disarrays.  

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