What is it
Few people enjoy needle procedures. In fact, up to 1 in 4 adults are afraid of needles, with most fears developing in childhood. Emla is an OTC topical anaesthetic to help numb the skin before needle procedures.
Emla can be used for many types of needle procedures, including routine immunisations, travel vaccinations or injections required for ongoing medical conditions, such as testosterone deficiency, diabetes or endometriosis, or prior to cannula insertion.
Cream contains two medicines called lidocaine and prilocaine. These belong to a group of medicines called local anaesthetics.
It is put on the skin before certain medical procedures. This helps to stop pain on the skin , however you may still have the feelings of pressure and touch.
It can be used to numb the skin before:
• Having a needle put in (for example, if you are having an injection or a blood test).
• Minor skin operations.
• Some types of skin graft.
• Cleansing and debridement of leg ulcers.
It can also be used on adults to numb the genitals before:
• Having an injection.
• Medical procedures such as removal of warts.
A doctor or nurse should supervise the use of EMLA Cream on the genitals.
Where to put the cream, how much to use and how long to leave it on for will depend on what it is needed for.
Your doctor, pharmacist or nurse will put the cream on or show you how to do it yourself.
If applying the cream yourself, before you do you must get dressings from your doctor, nurse or pharmacist to use with EMLA.
When EMLA Cream is used on the genitals, a doctor or nurse should supervise its use.
Adults and adolescents aged 12 years and over:
Use on the skin before small procedures (such as having a needle put in or minor skin operations): the cream is put on to the skin in a thick layer. Your doctor, pharmacist or nurse will tell you where to put it. The usual dose is 2g applied for 1 to 5 hours under a dressing.
Use on the skin before hospital procedures (such as split-skin grafting) that require deeper skin anaesthesia: the usual dose is 1.5 g to 2 g of cream for each area of skin that is 10 cm² (10 square centimetres) in size, applied for 2 to 5 hours under a dressing.
Use on larger areas of newly shaven skin before outpatient procedures (such as hair removal techniques): the usual dose is 1.5 g of cream for each area of skin that is 10 cm² (10 square centimetres) in size, applied for 1 to 5 hours under a dressing.
Use on genital skin before injections of local anaesthetics (adult men only): the usual dose is 1 g of cream for each area of skin that is 10 cm² (10 square centimetres) in size, applied for 15 minutes under a dressing.
Use on genital skin before minor skin surgery (such as removal of warts for adults only): the usual dose is 5 g to 10 g of cream applied for 10 minutes with no dressing. The medical procedure should then start immediately.
Use on leg ulcers before cleaning or debridement: the usual dose is 1-2g of cream for each area of skin that is 10 cm2 up to a total of 10 g. The cream is put on under an airtight dressing such as plastic wrap. This is done for 30 to 60 minutes before the ulcer is to be cleansed. Remove the cream with cotton gauze and start cleansing without delay.
EMLA Cream can be used before cleansing of leg ulcers for up to 15 times over a period of 1 -2 months.
Children. Use on the skin before small procedures (such as having a needle put in or minor skin operations) Application time: approx. 1 hour.
Newborn infants and infants under the age of 3 months: Up to 1 g of cream on a skin area not larger than 10 square centimetres in size. Application time: 1 hour, not more.
Only one single dose should be given in any 24 hour period.
Infants aged 3-12 months: Up to 2 g of cream on a total skin area not larger than 20 square centimetres in size. Application time: approx 1 hour, maximum 4 hours.
Children aged 1-6 years: Up to 10 g of cream on a total skin area not larger than 100 square centimetres in size. Application time: approx 1 hour, maximum 5 hours.
Children aged 7-11 years: Up to 20 g of cream on a total skin area not larger than 200 square centimetres in size. Application time: approx 1 hour, maximum 5 hours.
A maximum of 2 doses at least 12 hours apart may be given to children over 3 months of age in any 24 hour period.
EMLA Cream can be used on children with a skin condition called “atopic dermatitis”. The application time is 30 minutes.
Cream applied to a circular area with a diameter of about 18 mm (a 1 pence coin) and depth of about 5 mm is equal to 1 g of EMLA cream.
Alternatively, a line of cream of about 3.5 cm squeezed from the 30 g tube is equal to 1 g o
Do not use EMLA Cream if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to lidocaine, prilocaine or any of the other ingredients of EMLA Cream.
Check with your doctor, pharmacist or nurse before using EMLA Cream if:
• You or your child are anaemic (a blood problem which means you have too few red blood cells).
• You or your child have a rare inherited illness that affects the blood called ‘glucose-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency’.
• You or your child have a problem with blood pigment levels called ‘methaemoglobinaemia’.
• You or your child have a skin condition called ‘atopic dermatitis’. This is because the cream may need to be put on the skin for a shorter time.
• Your child is a pre-term newborn infant.
• Your child is younger than 12 months and is being treated at the same time with other medicines that affect blood pigment levels ‘methaemoglobinaemia’.